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Author Topic: What causes warping?
Brad Kimball
Phenomenal Film Handler

Posts: 1163
From: Highland Mills, NY USA
Registered: Jun 2003


 - posted April 16, 2018 10:47 AM      Profile for Brad Kimball   Email Brad Kimball   Send New Private Message       Edit/Delete Post 
Does vinegar syndrome cause warping? Is it worth buying a film if the seller states the print is warped?

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Bill Brandenstein
Phenomenal Film Handler

Posts: 1625
From: California
Registered: Aug 2007


 - posted April 17, 2018 07:43 PM      Profile for Bill Brandenstein   Email Bill Brandenstein   Send New Private Message       Edit/Delete Post 
Warping occurs when the emulsion and base no longer have the exact same dimensions. VS is the usual cause, but any other cause of shrinkage is relevant. There are all kinds of warping. Some film rolls off the reel with a strong twist and projects fine. Sometimes it will look frumpy on the reel and will still project fine. Sometimes it looks flat on the reel and won't focus side-to-side, or is shifty in the gate.

Therefore, pay about 20% what you would for a good print of the same title, accept that it's a gamble, and proceed. I've handled a lot of vinegar over the past decade, and while it has a very limited and unpredictable life span (unless stored frozen), it's still film and thus is still fun to play with and watch.

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Maurice Leakey
Film God

Posts: 5690
From: Bristol. United Kingdom
Registered: Oct 2007


 - posted April 19, 2018 11:00 AM      Profile for Maurice Leakey   Email Maurice Leakey   Send New Private Message       Edit/Delete Post 
Older IB Technicolor tends to warp, probably something to do with the colour layers.

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Maurice

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Gilbert Lambert
Expert Film Handler

Posts: 184
From: Ostende, Belgium
Registered: May 2016


 - posted April 20, 2018 12:57 AM      Profile for Gilbert Lambert   Author's Homepage   Email Gilbert Lambert   Send New Private Message       Edit/Delete Post 
I had a mint IB Technicolor 16mm print of the 10 Commandments, it was warped but no Vinegar Syndrome.

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Maurice Leakey
Film God

Posts: 5690
From: Bristol. United Kingdom
Registered: Oct 2007


 - posted April 20, 2018 02:34 AM      Profile for Maurice Leakey   Email Maurice Leakey   Send New Private Message       Edit/Delete Post 
Regarding the purchase of a warped film depends on the degree of warp. Most 16mm projectors will accept some degree of warp through the gate, however, the main problem will be the take-up spool onto which the film may hang down egg-shaped and unless it's a short film where you can use a large spool you're stymied.
One way to achieve a good take-up of a warped film is to twist the film over as it leaves the projector and before it enters the spool.

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Maurice

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Mark Norton
Master Film Handler

Posts: 327
From: Hampton Hill, Middlesex, U.K.
Registered: Feb 2004


 - posted April 28, 2018 09:06 AM      Profile for Mark Norton   Author's Homepage   Email Mark Norton   Send New Private Message       Edit/Delete Post 
Gate temperature?

I've run some tests:

Eiki NT1 gate temperature gets up to as much as 58 degrees centigrade,(measured at the exposed top back plate) leave a length of film in the top half of the gate & it soon warps.

By comparison Bell & Howell TQ3 only reaches 41 degrees centigrade.

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Maurice Leakey
Film God

Posts: 5690
From: Bristol. United Kingdom
Registered: Oct 2007


 - posted April 29, 2018 02:24 AM      Profile for Maurice Leakey   Email Maurice Leakey   Send New Private Message       Edit/Delete Post 
I don't think gate temperature could cause warping, after all, film does go though at 24/25 frames per second.
Warping is more likely to be caused by poor storage conditions.

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Maurice

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